Regarding applications for permanent residence, foreign nationals can apply for permanent residence pursuant to the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program, the Canadian Experience Class and a Canadian Provincial Nominee Program. Effective January 2, 2015, the Government of Canada is giving processing priority to all applicants for permanent residence who have been nominated by a Canadian province or who have a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Service Canada.
Regarding the Federal Skilled Worker Program, a skilled worker applying for permanent residence must have a minimum of one year of work experience, have a skills set which is either in the NOC 0, A or B category and be able to obtain 67 points based on factors such as work experience, education, age, arranged employment, language test results and other adaptability factors. Regarding the Federal Skilled Trades Program, an applicant must have an offer of employment in Canada or certificate of qualification from a Canadian province, meet basic language requirements, have a minimum of two years of work experience as a skilled trades person and have the skills and experience that match those set out on a list of skilled trades acceptable to Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Regarding the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), an applicant must have worked in Canada for at least one year pursuant to a Canadian work permit as an employee, meet specific language requirements and have the skills and experience that match those set out in the NOC 0, A or B categories. Regarding a Canadian Provincial Nominee Program, a non-Canadian can apply for permanent residence after having been nominated by a Canadian province pursuant to its Provincial Nominee Program. The non-Canadian nominated can currently be employed in Canada pursuant to a work permit or can be outside Canada at the time of application for permanent residence. In the Province of Ontario, there are no English language requirements at this point in time.